How do we reach the CO2 targets?
The Government has determined that the Swedish vehicle fleet shall be fossil fuel-independent by 2030. The EU has set a target of 50 per cent fewer greenhouse gas emissions by 2050. Swedish greenhouse gas emissions are relatively low compared with other OECD countries and have fallen in recent years, but they still must be substantially reduced.
Thousands of puzzle pieces must fit together if we are to succeed in making our society climate-neutral. At SEKAB we work closely in two areas that promote sustainable development: green chemicals and biofuels.
According to several forecasts, the chemical industry’s share of total emissions is approximately 5 per cent. By using chemicals from biological raw materials produced using bio-based energy input, we can reduce the chemical industry’s climate impact.
Biofuels that form part of the natural cycle already provide us with climate-friendly transport. We can further reduce emissions by using the cellulose in forestry and agricultural by-products as raw materials for biofuels, in addition to today’s residual streams from industry and society.
Biofuels are an important contribution to reducing traffic emissions, but more is required. We face enormous logistical challenges.
- We must transport significantly fewer goods than we do today, and means of transport must be improved. Emissions from heavy goods transport have increased significantly over the past 20 years, while emissions from cars have been reduced
- Our vehicles must use energy more efficiently. Today, a great deal of energy is wasted in the form of heat and noise
- Passenger transport must be improved through better public transport. Today, cars are too often used to transport only one person, which is not sustainable from an energy perspective